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Infrastructure

 

Building

Infrastructural facilities are a prerequisite to carry out the multifarious activities in the KVK.  Emphasizing this, the KVK has given major thrust to develop the infrastructure facilities.  Administrative block, hostel

 and staff quarters are the three basic facilities developed in view of the present as well as future needs.  In administrative block each department has been given sufficient area for their activities.  Two lecture halls, one conference hall and one auditorium with 300 seating capacity are being utilized as per needs and requirements of participants.   One library for the farmers and laboratory as per the needs of the department were also developed

            The Administrative building is having total area of 10,500 sq. ft.  Hostel facilities including lodging and boarding have been developed for 60 participants.  One an average 60 to 70 per cent utilization of the hostel facilities due to various on campus training programmes is observed.  Total area of the hostel is 6000 sq. ft.

            Staff quarters were constructed in the KVK campus, which provides facility for 16 staff members.  Due to this facility, KVK could use the time of the staff very efficiently.  Availability of the school nearby to campus, besides other required facilities and each approach, staff could stay in the campus ad extends maximum services to the KVk.  Total area of the staff quarters is around 9000 sq. ft

            In view of the additional activities of the KVK and future plans, KVK has developed Information and Biotechnology Center.  In this center bioagents production, quality testing, certification is being carried out.  In this Information Technology Center all the facilities regarding the information communication technology has been developed like KVK Pravara COMMUNITY Radio Center, Library and IT Center for farmers, exhibition center, conference hall and other activities for faster communication of the technology.  This center is constructed on 14,000 sq. ft. area.  KVK has developed all these facilities separately as a KVK campus.  These facilities are only utilized exclusively for the activities related to agriculture and allied sectors. This has helped to conduct the maximum activities and programmes on regular basis.

Instructional Units

After inception of KVK, it was observed that important agricultural technologies were not properly and intensively adopted due to lack of skill as well untimely availability of the required inputs and services.  Imparting skill to the farmers for increasing the adoption of agricultural technologies was an important activity identified by KVK.  KVK developed various instructional units to impart the skill as well as generate self-employment for the rural youths.  Some units were also developed to provide on job training coupled with the inputs and services.  The development of instructional and production units has helped to conduct maximum vocational courses apart from providing inputs and services to the farmers

Nursery Unit

Established during the year 1995 with production capacity of 10,000 grafts per annum which is now expanded up to 2 lakh per annum. Grafts/ seedlings of pomegranate, guava, mango, drumstick and other horticulture crops are produced in this nursery.  Similarly training programmes is also organized to impart the skill to the rural youths.  Total 30 courses are conducted for 706 trainees.

Spirulina Production Unit

For production of biofood (blue green algae)  and impart training to this new concept, Spirulina production unit is established during the year 2002.  Both race way tank as well as rectangular tanks are constructed for production of spirulina.  Total production capacity of this unit is 40 to 50 kg per annum.  Since inceptions of unit 17 courses were conducted through which 489 trainees were trained through practical training.

Vermicompost Unit

To convert crop residue in organic manure/ compost, earthworm plays important role through which we can produce vermicompost.  With vermicompost self employment in rural area is possible.  Therefore, KVK established vermicompost unit during the year 1996 of 50 t/annum capacity.  Through this KVK has trained 166 rural youths, supplied earthworm culture and vermicompost

Biopesticides

As per the problems of the major crops and the available technology to control the pests and diseases. KVK has started the production of bio-pesticides like trichoderma, verticilium, paecilomyces, nomuraea, beauveria basiana from 1998 on large scale.  Good quality, fresh bo-pesticides have helped to give effective control of pests & diseases.  This has resulted in increasing demand of bio-pesticides from the farmers.

Bio-fertilizers

With increasing awareness among the farmers due to various programmes implemented by KVK, State Agriculture Department and SAU, there was ahigher demand from the farmers for bio-fertilizers.  However availability of fresh and good quality bio-fertilizers in rural area was a main problem.    Therefore, KVK has started the production of bio-fertilizers during 1998 like azotobactor, rhizobium, PSB, composting culture and acetobactor.

Goat Unit

The KVK started goat unit to impart the skill for rural youths so that they can start their own goat units.  For imparting skill to rural youths, KVK started goat unit during the year 1998.  KVK introduced Osmanabadi and Boar breed in this unit.  Similarly trained 709 rural youths through this unit

Poultry Unit

KVK has focused more on upgradation of local poultry birds.  From inception of KVK RIR, Giriraja, Grampriya, Vanaraja, Swarnddhara breed are introduced.  KVK established poultry unit in the year 1995 to maintain the parent flocks of these improved breeds. To make availability on day old chicks of the improved breed of poultry, hatchery unit is also established by KVK with 1000 chicks capacity during the year 2001.

Food Processing Unit

Food processing unit like fruits & vegetable processing, vegetable processing are established in KVK during the year 1999.  This unit is being used to impart the skill to farmwomen about processing of different agriculture produce.  More than 300 women have been trained in this unit

Tailoring & Beauty Parlor Unit

To impart the skill about advanced tailoring and beauty parlor for employment generation of women, these units were established by KVK.  In this course more than 500 women were trained.

A.V.Aids Production Unit

KVK is developing A.V.Aids like slides, VCDs, Audio CDs and various exhibition materials.  All these materials is produced in house which is used for KVK as well as supplied to various departments.

Demonstration Unit

KVK has 24.00 ha land for the instructional purposes which represents the district situation.  Soil of the farm is mainly divided in three types i.e. verylight soil (8 ha), light soil (10 ha) and medium soil (6 ha).  The land comes under rainfed area where there were no irrigation sources. For farm development, first priority was given to develop the water resources as well as development of land for cultivation.

During the initial years, one well and one tube well was dug.  This water was insufficient for irrigation. Therefore, the

 irrigation scheme from Pravara River canal was started in the year 2000.  The water availability

on the farm was dependent on the canal rotation and often affects the crop yield.  The water shortage between the canal rotations was an important issue that affected crop yields.  Therefore, the water storage tank was constructed to store the canal water.  The polyethylene lined water tank with 200 lakh lit capacity was constructed on one ha. land during the year 2005.  Similarly rainwater harvesting model was developed in 2007 to collect the runoff water from 100 acres land. Micro irrigation system has been adopted for all the crops.  It has helped in efficient use of water apart

 from improving soil properties and increasing the crop productivity.  Drip irrigation system is adopted for all horticultural crops.  Similarly cash crops like sugarcane and cotton are grown with drip irrigation.  For seasonal crops like soybean, wheat, gram etc. sprinkler irrigation is being used.  This has helped to improve the water use efficiency. On demonstration farm KVK is conducting different trials and demonstrations so that farmers can see and adopt the technologies.  Similarly seed production block, mother plants or horticulture crops is also made available. Dense plantation of mango, meadow orchard in Guava, Integrated Pest Management, Integrated Nutrient Management, varietal trials, farm mechanization are also of the technologies demonstrated at KVK farm.